Complexity Theory

Many of us are interested in explaining and predicting why organizations behave in the way that they do, and how that behavior influences and is influenced by their external environment. Complexity theory offers one way to accomplish these tasks. The fundamental idea behind complexity theory is that individuals, groups, and organizations make up systems of highly interdependent actors that interact in nonlinear ways. As these actors adapt to their local environment, they influence how other actors of the system behave, creating a perpetual cycle of feedback loops. The positive feedback loops generated from these interactions amplify and crowd out other behavior resulting in a pattern that de

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